United Farm Workers Agreement

Around the same time, AWOC led a walk of hundreds of Filipino and Mexican grape pickers in the Coachella Valley. Although the Bracero program officially ended the previous year, a new agreement between the United States and Mexico allowed producers to import Mexican workers if they received $1.25 an hour and never paid more than domestic workers. When Coachella`s vignerists tried to pay less to local workers than to imported workers, Filipinos, many of whom were members of the AWOC, refused to work. In the early 1980s, Tomas Villanueva, a famous organizer known for his activism for farm workers, said he was ready to help the UFW when they needed a guide for its march in Washington State. [21] Villanueva organized boycotts and strikes in Washington state with Cesar Chavez. In 1965, thousands of California robbers went on strike to demand union elections. Many were arrested by police and injured by ranchers while pecking in fields. On September 8, 1965, the grape strike officially began in Delano. In the months that followed, support spread rapidly throughout California: union supporters held rallies in several cities and marched from Delano to Sacramento. In December, union representatives from California visited New York, Washington, D.C., Pittsburg, Detroit and other major cities to encourage a boycott of grapes grown on untraceable UFW ranches. Founded by Luis Valdez, teatro Campesino began reciting songs, poems and plays to raise awareness of the strike and other experiences of Mexicans and Americans. The trade union newspaper El Malcriado, which had begun publication at the end of 1964, was also important, first in Spanish and then in bilingual editions.

California`s unique 1975 Agricultural Labor Relations Act gives workers the right to participate in collective bargaining without retaliation. A special council organizes trade union elections, monitors and certifies them, and investigates unfair labour practices. Despite this law, the number of elections organized by the UFW has decreased. In 2017, when the head of the board resigned, he called the law a “dream status,” but it is “not relevant” to agricultural workers, who are mostly unrecognizable about the provisions, procedures and rights of the law. He goes on to say that this is because less than one per cent of the agricultural workforce is now represented by a union. One of the first steps is a letter that supports UFW`s concerns about the dairy industry in Washington State, including Mexican workers. On November 22, the Mexican Consulate in Seattle sent the letter to the Regional Office of the Equal Employment Commission (EEOC) in San Francisco, California. In addition, there was a great fear of pesticides in California at the time; Watermelons would make agricultural workers and consumers very sick. The UFW was outraged by the use of illegal pesticides and Chavez decided to fast for 36 days to protest the dangers pesticides faced agricultural workers and their communities. [22] This influenced California legislation to develop more food testing programs, which led to pesticide-free products, and to promote organic farming.

In 1967, UFW fans began picking in Oregon, from stores in Eugene, Salem and Portland. After the melon workers` strike in Texas, ranchers held the first union elections in the region, and UFW was the first union to sign a contract with a rancher in Texas.

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